University of North Carolina


Copy, in possibly three hands, untitled, on ten folio leaves numbered 5-23, disbound. c.1620s.

RaW 561: Sir Walter Ralegh, Apology for his Voyage to Guiana

A tract beginning ‘If the ill success of this enterprise of mine had been without example...’. First published in Judicious and Select Essays and Observations (London, 1650). Works (1829), VIII, 477-507. Edited by V. T. Harlow in Ralegh's Last Voyage (London, 1932), pp. 316-34.


A folio miscellany, entitled ‘A Booke of Memorable Accidents and famous Arraignements with other worthy matters touchinge great personages agitated wthin this Realme of England in the Reignes of Queene Elizabeth and Kinge James’, compiled by William Bull, of the Middle Temple, 104 leaves, bound with other material by Henry Bull, Jr, and others, in half-calf. c.1620s.

Puttick & Simpson's, 11 November 1887, lot 1050. Briefly owned by James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps (1820-89, literary scholar and book collector. Bequeathed to his nephew and executor Ernest E. Baker. Acquired in 1960 from Emily Driscoll, manuscript dealer, New York.

pp. 1-39

EsR 250: Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex, Essex's Arraignment, 19 February 1600/1


pp. 41-6

EsR 313: Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex, Essex's speech at his execution


Generally incorporated in accounts of Essex's execution and sometimes also of his behaviour the night before.

pp. 151-219

LeC 81.5: Anon, Leicester's Commonwealth

Copy, largely faded.

First published as The Copie of a Leter, Wryten by a Master of Arte of Cambrige, to his Friend in London, Concerning some talke past of late betwen two worshipful and graue men, about the present state, and some procedinges of the Erle of Leycester and his friendes in England ([? Rouen], 1584). Soon banned. Reprinted as Leycesters common-wealth (London, 1641). Edited, as Leicester's Commonwealth, by D.C. Peck (Athens, OH, & London, 1985). Although various attributions have been suggested by Peck and others, the most likely author remains Robert Persons (1546-1610), Jesuit conspirator.

pp. 229-66

RaW 728.278: Sir Walter Ralegh, Ralegh's Arraignment(s)

Copy of Ralegh's arraignment in 1603, in the hand of Henry Bull, Jr.

Accounts of the arraignments of Ralegh at Winchester Castle, 17 November 1603, and before the Privy Council on 22 October 1618. The arraignment of 1603 published in London, 1648. For documentary evidence about this arraignment, see Rosalind Davies, ‘“The Great Day of Mart”: Returning to Texts at the Trial of Sir Walter Ralegh in 1603’, Renaissance Forum, 4/1 (1999), 1-12.

pp. 267-71

RaW 792: Sir Walter Ralegh, Speech on the Scaffold (29 October 1618)

Copy, in the hand of Henry Bull, Jr.

Transcripts of Ralegh's speech have been printed in his Remains (London, 1657). Works (1829), I, 558-64, 691-6. VIII, 775-80, and elsewhere. Copies range from verbatim transcripts to summaries of the speech, they usually form part of an account of Ralegh's execution, they have various headings, and the texts differ considerably. For a relevant discussion, see Anna Beer, ‘Textual Politics: The Execution of Sir Walter Ralegh’, MP, 94/1 (August 1996), 19-38.


Copy, as ‘Written by Sr Walter Rawleigh’, on nineteen folio leaves. c.1620.

RaW 643: Sir Walter Ralegh, A Discourse touching a Marriage between Prince Henry and a Daughter of Savoy

A tract beginning ‘There is nobody that persuades our prince to match with Savoy, for any love to the person of the duke...’. First published in The Interest of England with regard to Foreign Alliances, explained in two discourses:...2) Touching a Marriage between Prince Henry of England and a Daughter of Savoy (London, 1750). Works (1829), VIII, 237-52. Ralegh's authorship is not certain.


Copy of an abridged version, with two prefatory poems in praise of Ralegh, the History on pp. 37-229 in a volume of 237 pages, in leather. Mid-17th century.

RaW 679: Sir Walter Ralegh, The History of the World

Once owned by Robert Greville (c.1638-77), fourth Lord Brooke, of Warwick Castle. Sotheby's, 11 May 1970, lot 146. Hofmann and Freeman, sale catalogue No. 36.

This MS, or one similar to it, used by Laurence Echard as the basis for his Abridgment of Sir Walter Raleigh's History of the World (London, 1700). A microfilm is in the British Library, RP 880.

First published in London, 1614. Works (1829), Vols. II-VII.

See also RaW 728.